Volumes

Volumes are persistent storage for Fly apps. They allow an app to save its state, preserving configuration, session or user data, and be restarted with that information in place.

Volumes are managed using the fly volumes command.

Creating Volumes

Create a volume for an app using fly volumes create. The default volume size is 3GB. See fly volumes create in the flyctl reference for usage and options.

The following command creates a new volume named "myapp_data" with 40GB of storage in the lhr (London Heathrow) region, for the application whose fly.toml file is in the working directory.

fly volumes create myapp_data --region lhr --size 40
        ID: Qn1Ln6nBZOz0lHM268OZ
      Name: myapp_data
    Region: lhr
   Size GB: 40
 Encrypted: true
Created at: 04 Jan 21 10:14 UTC

Volumes are, by default, created with encryption-at-rest enabled for additional protection of the data on the volume. Use --no-encryption to instead create an unencrypted volume for improved performance at deployment and runtime.

Volumes are bound to both apps and regions. A volume is directly associated with only one app and exists in only one region. No other app can see this volume and only an instance of the app running in the LHR region can access it.

Most people use volumes for databases, so for high availability, we default to putting each of your app's volumes on different hardware (equivalent to using --require-unique-zone=true with fly volumes create). This setting does limit the number of volumes your app can have in a region.

When you create a volume, its region is added to the apps region pool to allow app instances to be started with it.

Using Volumes

In the fly.toml for the app, there should be a section that mounts a volume into the app, like so:

[mounts]
source="myapp_data"
destination="/data"

This would make myapp_data appear under the /data directory of the application. With this present, if an app instance is started and cannot find an unused volume named myapp_data, it will not be started and the system will look elsewhere in the region pool to start the app instance.

Also, if you have specified a mounts section in fly.toml and forgotten to create a volume, your deployment will fail.

There can be multiple volumes of the same volume name in a region. Each volume has a unique ID to distinguish itself from others to allow for this. This allows multiple instances of an app to run in one region; creating three volumes named myapp_data would let up to three instances of the app to start up and run. A fourth instance would find no volume to attach to and the system would look elsewhere to start it up.

Listing Volumes

You can get a list of all volumes created for an app using the sub-command list.

fly volumes list
ID                   Name       Size Region Created At

Onk6nLnV7yzR9H93wl5O myapp_data 40GB iad    38 minutes ago
x7K57J7klmq14UgY0lG7 myapp_data 40GB lhr    39 minutes ago
Qn1Ln6nBZOz0lHM268OZ myapp_data 40GB lhr    1 hour ago

The unique ID can be used in commands that reference a specific volume, such as the show or delete sub-command. For example, the show command can display the details for a particular volume:

fly volumes show Qn1Ln6nBZOz0lHM268OZ
        ID: Qn1Ln6nBZOz0lHM268OZ
      Name: myapp_data
    Region: lhr
   Size GB: 40
 Encrypted: true
Created at: 04 Jan 21 10:14 UTC

Deleting Volumes

The delete sub-command allows you to delete a specific volume.

fly volumes delete vwKLw4w09BPoef06laL3
Deleted volume Qn1Ln6nBZOz0lHM268OZ from myapp