Persisting the Storage Folder
The storage folder by default, holds several “generated” essentials of your Laravel application.
It’s the default burrow for session, cache, and file data amongst others. If you’d opt to persist data on this folder, you’ll have to mount a volume to it.
Make sure you are in your Laravel Fly App’s directory
Then, check the number of machines currently available for your Fly App:
In this example today, the app is deployed in the AMS region, and has the default number of two machines created for it:
Machines PROCESS ID VERSION REGION STATE ROLE CHECKS LAST UPDATED app 5683945bd46448 1 ams started 2023-10-03T09:54:04Z app e82d922f010908 1 ams started 2023-10-03T09:54:25Z
To mount a volume named
"storage_vol"to this Fly App, you’ll have to create two
"storage_vol"volumes in the AMS region, one for each machine:
fly volumes create storage_vol --region ams --count 2
Running the command above should create two separate volumes with the name “storage_vol”, in the AMS region for your Laravel Fly App.
Next, revise your Laravel Fly App’s
fly.tomlfile to mount the Volumes above to each machine’s storage folder:
[mounts] source="storage_vol" destination="/var/www/html/storage"Mounting a Volume to a folder will initially erase any item the folder contains during the first time the Volume is mounted for the folder.
For example, Laravel’s storage folder contains subfolders: app, framework, and logs. Mounting a volume to the storage folder erases these directories, and leaves behind a sole item paradoxically named as “lost+found”.
But, you wouldn’t want to only be left with “lost+found” in your storage folder. You’d want to still have the necessary files and directories in there for successful session, views, caching, and file storage compliance with Laravel’s default configuration.
To fix the little storage-content-erasure issue as stated in the callout above, please go ahead and make a copy of your storage folder in a “backup” folder. You can name this directory “storage_”.
cp -r storage storage_
You’ll later use this folder to copy over its contents to the volumized storage folder.
Next create a Startup Script that will initialize the volumized storage folder’s contents.
Start up scripts are run in numeric-alphabetical order. Naming
1\_storage\_init.shmakes sure it is the first script run. Otherwise, naming the file as
storage_init.shalone would’ve moved the
caches.shscript above it, and would’ve executed before storage initialization happened. One of the commands in the
caches.shwill not have worked properly, due to a lack of properly initialized storage directory.
On to the content of the Start Up script:
FOLDER=/var/www/html/storage/app if [ ! -d "$FOLDER" ]; then echo "$FOLDER is not a directory, copying storage_ content to storage" cp -r /var/www/html/storage_/. /var/www/html/storage echo "deleting storage_..." rm -rf /var/www/html/storage_ fi
So what happened above?
- The condition statement checks if the app folder does not exist in the volumized storage folder. If it does not exist, it copies over the contents of the storage_ folder to the volumized storage folder.
Finally, deploy your Laravel Fly App!
Fly Volumes do not automatically sync their data with each other. Please remember to create the appropriate data-replication logic if your Fly App will be using more than one volume instance, and if your app requires data available across its Volumes.
Error not enough volumes named `<volume_name>` (1) to run `(<n>)` processes
The above error can come up after configuring your volume in
fly.toml and executing
It can mean that there are
<n> processes configured in your
fly.toml trying to use the volume!
Take note however, that a Volume can only be used by one at any given time.
One way to fix this issue is to separate each process into different Fly.io apps. Of course, separate application per process might require inter-communication between the applications.
Fly.io applications can easily communicate with each other over a private network. Not only that, but Fly.io also offers the
fly-replay response header which can be used to “redirect” request from one application to another, and return response from the correct application.